The state of Ohio defines “gifted” as students who perform or show potential for performing at remarkably high levels when compared to peers of same age, experience or environment. The state also recognizes that there are different types of giftedness to include students with superior cognitive ability and those with academic, creative thinking, and arts talents. Some students may be identified as gifted in one or more areas.
Districts are required to enact a Board policy for gifted
education (see IGBB, Programs for Students Who
Are Gifted). Current operating rules require districts to assess a student’s superior cognitive ability and to assess a student’s creative thinking and academic talents in mathematics and reading but do not require districts to provide services. Ohio recently updated operating standards for educating gifted students (2017): http://education.ohio.gov/Topics/Other-Resources/Gifted-Education/Rules-Regulations-and-Policies-for-Gifted-Educatio.
Service: Superior Cognitive Ability
The district’s historical service is for elementary students who have superior cognitive ability, recognizing that a student who has superior cognitive ability is different than a student who is simply bright or advanced. Students with superior cognitive ability typically have intellectual levels two to four years above their age-level peers; as a result, these students especially benefit from time spent with academic peers during part of the school day.
The district’s cognitive service is delivered to students in grades 3-5 in English language arts instruction provided by Gifted Intervention Specialists, although students in grade 3 may be in the general classroom that is co-taught by the Gifted Intervention Specialist.
Middle and High
Grades 6-8 students may be clustered in classrooms and may participate in compacted curriculum; compacted curriculum is generally for students who have been accelerated in math at earlier grade levels. High school students have a variety of course options to engage their interests and provide intellectual rigor (Honors, AP, College Credit Plus / Dual Enrollment).
Gifted / Personalized Learning Plans
Starting in 2018-2019 all students with superior cognitive ability
across all grades will engage in writing and reflecting on personalized
learning plans. Previous written education plans included generic goals and did
not involve both students and teachers in the development of and reflection on individualized
Within the next three school years and in alignment with the district’s new Strategic Plan, each student will have a personalized learning plan that engages students and teachers in purposeful plans.
Support for All
who do not have superior cognitive ability are supported in the general
education classroom. These students include those with identifications in
academic, creative thinking, and arts talents. Teachers differentiate
instruction based upon student readiness and interest. Research on the effectiveness of
differentiation shows this method benefits a wide range of students, including
those who have high ability or are advanced. Some examples of differentiated
students with choice to allow exploration of topics of interest or to
search for new information related to topics not studied.
assessing and adjusting lessons to meet student needs.
opportunities for students to have greater depth of learning or
acceleration when mastery of concepts and procedures is demonstrated.
creation of original productions that engage creative thinking and design
students by shared interest, topic or ability for assignments.
Testing for Giftedness
State regulations require districts to offer testing twice a school year, one time before the end of grade 2 and one time between grades 3 and 6 (see District Screenings for Gifted Ability 2018-2019).
The state publishes a list of approved tests and qualifying scores, and districts are required to select from these and have additional tests available for retesting. Students may be referred for testing outside of the district’s whole-grade screenings.
State regulations require districts
to offer two calendar windows for referrals for testing and accelerations.
Referrals should be submitted to the principal during the months of November
and March for testing to occur by December and May (use form - Referral
Referrals for Acceleration
Some students may benefit from single-subject or whole-grade
acceleration. Candidates for acceleration are those students who perform at
remarkably high levels of accomplishment when compared to others of their age
and experiences and whose unique needs cannot be met in the classroom with
applied academic differentiation strategies (see Acceleration Information).
State regulations require that multiple factors be considered
when evaluating a student for acceleration. A team approach is used to make the
final decision (see IKEB-R,
Referrals for acceleration must be made to the student’s principal during one of two referral windows – either the month of November or April for testing to occur by December and May.